Soil Science is one of the fastest-growing careers in Pakistan. Because Pakistan is highly regarded in the agricultural sector, the demand for soil science is great. There are numerous job opportunities in Pakistan for graduates of soil Science. Find all the information about soil science, including soil science education and courses, admission requirements and personal qualifications, soil science disciplines and job openings.
The study of soil is a resource found on the earth, which includes soil formation, classification, mapping, physical, chemical, biological and fertility characteristics of soils. It also studies these characteristics of the usage and use of the soils. Soil Science involves the research of biological, chemical and physical properties and behavior of soils and focuses on soil formation, classification, and mapping. Soils are not just the source of food production. They also play an important part in managing waste facilitating the spread of animals and plants, and as a means of storing and distributing nutrients and water.
Soil science is a discipline that combines aspects that includes biology, chemistry, geography, geology, physics and hydrology, as well as climatology and math. Soils supply plants with vital elements and minerals. Soils are a source of oxygen for gas exchange between the soil and the atmospheric air. Soils shield plants from erosion and another destructive physical, biological, and chemical actions. Soils retain the water (moisture) and ensure sufficient air circulation.
Nature of Work in Soil Science
Soil scientists are employed by the federal and state governments and universities, and companies in the private sector. The role of a soil researcher entails collecting soil information, consultation, investigation analysis, evaluation, interpreting, making plans or conducting inspections concerning the field of soil research. The field of work includes a variety of assignments and includes making recommendations regarding a range of resources.
A soil scientist requires excellent observation skills to analyze and understand the properties of various soil types. Soil types are a bit complicated, and the geographic areas which soil scientists can explore can be varied. Satellite images or aerial images are frequently used to investigate the soils. Using computers and geographical information systems allows scientists to study the many facets of topography, geomorphology, climate, and vegetation to find patterns created by the landscape. Soil scientists work both in the office as well as in the field. It is possible to walk across uneven and rough terrain and use spades and shovels to collect samples or study the exposure of a soil pit.
Soil scientists are involved in many different areas which utilize soil science expertise. Non-soil science experts usually carry out the work. The work of a soil scientist could include:
- Concentrate on learning, managing and improving the soil and water resources.
- Examine the upper crust of the earth by examining its chemical and physical characteristics, the morphology, distribution and genesis, as well as biological elements and identify the soil’s source, location and composition.
- Find, consult, analyze, interpret, and analyze soil science data.
- Create methods for protecting and managing the soil
- Provide advice and suggestions to the landowners and farmers about methods, how they can make the most of their land to encourage plant growth, and solve issues like erosion.
- Develop experiments to create new or better kinds of crops for field use, focusing on the ability to adapt to particular soils or climates.
- Examine soil issues and water quality issues to identify the causes and effects.
- Control soils for harvest and erosion control and analyzes the availability of nutrients and water to crops.
- Develop and test strategies and techniques to improve the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of degraded or contaminated soils.
Soil Science Career Opportunities
Skilled soil scientists are highly sought-after for many jobs in government organizations or private companies. Here are a few specific examples of current positions filled by soil science graduates from one school in the last ten years.
- Wetland specialist
- Watershed technician
- Health professional with Board of Health
- Environmental technician
- State expert in soil and water quality
- Soil Conservationist
- County Agricultural Agent
- Landscaping business
- On-site evaluation
- Crop consultant
- Soil scientist in mapping and interpretation U.S. Department of Agriculture
- Research technician
- Conservation Planner
- District Marketing Manager for an agricultural company
- County conservationists in the County
- Specialists in crop production
- Research scientist
Soil Science Career in Pakistan Scope and Jobs Opportunities
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Disciplines of Soil Science
Soil science encompasses six clearly defined and established disciplines. The breadth of soil science can be seen in these disciplines.
It is the state of soil regarding the amount and quantity of the elements essential to growing. Soil fertility is the ability to supply nutrients to the soil’s plants. It is essential to know taking into account
- The requirement for nutrients of plants
- The availability of nutrients from the soil,
- The ways how nutrients are lost from the soil
- Methods through which sol fertility could be preserved or restored
Soil productivity is the ability of soils in their natural setting to grow crops in an established management system measured by yield. Specifications are essential as no soil will produce all kinds of crops with equal success, nor can an individual management method yield the same results on all soils.
It is a part of soil science concerned with chemical constituents, properties, and reactions. It examines soil’s chemical composition concerning crop requirements.
Soil Physics is one of the divisions of soil science, which is the study of the physical characteristics of the soil. Soil is a multifaceted system composed of liquid, solid, and gaseous components. The physical and chemical relationships between solid, liquid and gaseous components are influenced by their particular properties and pressure, temperature and light.
Soil microbiology is a science that studies the microbiome of soil, its function in a variety of transformations, and its significance for plant nutrition as well as the production of crops. Soil microbiology does not deal solely with the enumeration or classification of soil-based microorganisms, as well as the measurements of their actions within the soil. These actions are similar to the decomposition of organic substances which exist in the soil or find their way into the soil, increasing ammonia production, the release of nitrates fixing nitrogen and many other such changes.
It is a branch of soil science that focuses on protecting soil from physical loss due to erosion or chemical degradation, or the excessive loss of nutrients, whether through artificial or natural means. It is concerned with a mix of all land-use management techniques that protect soil from degradation due to human or natural causes. It’s the process of managing soil to yield huge yields while at the same time protecting it from degrading.
The field of pedology is part of soil science that focuses on understanding and describing soil development, evolution and the theoretical frameworks used to model soil bodies, usually within the context of the natural surroundings. It is usually thought of as one of the two major fields of soil inquiry, and the other is the edaphology, which is typically more agronomically focused and concentrates on how soil properties affect plants’ communities (natural or cultivable).
- A minimum of a bachelor’s degree with a focus on the field in the application or a closely related field of science. They must also meet the minimum requirements for the core.
- Five years of experience in the field following the bachelor’s degree in certification.
A bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite for various careers mentioned above, based on the type of course that you have completed and the experiences you acquired during your undergrad years, including internships, lab work and summer or part-time jobs.
A master’s degree can qualify you for higher-level positions such as agricultural analysis, soil advising and research posts. If you’d like to oversee research programs for a federal agency, in private industry or even teach and conduct studies at the university level, you’ll require a PhD.
Required Personal Skills
Scientists who are soil scientists typically possess one or more of the following traits:
- Passionate for Science
- Love working outdoors and enjoy the fresh air.
- the desire for maps and connections in nature
- want to be a part of environmental-related decisions about the conservation of soil and the use of land, water quality or the management of waste
- Willingness to share their knowledge of earth and soils with every aspect of society
- Need to find answers to questions and solutions to issues in the environmental and agricultural sectors.
- desire to be a part of the achievement of others
Most soil scientists have at least a bachelor’s degree from a prestigious agricultural university. In several universities, two options are available for specialization in soils. This Soil Science option allows students to be prepared for entry into the agriculture industry as crop advisors, farm consultants and soil conservationists or as representatives of agricultural businesses. This Environmental Soil Science option prepares soil scientists for jobs in environmental roles which deal with water quality issues and remediation of pollutants or on-site assessment of soil properties during construction, waste disposal or recreation infrastructures.